Distributed along a large riverside tracts from Brahmaputra basin to plains of Ganges and right up to alluvial lands of Punjab the one horned rhino makes in last stand at Kaziranga. Critically endangered and reduced to few heads, the subspecies has made a remarkable comeback at this National Park in the Indian State of Assam. More than two thousand rhino now survive in this park.
The flat alluvial land silted by the floods of Brahmaputra is pock marked with lakes called Beels and elevations called Chapories. The typical land pattern of Kaziranga is a diverse tapestry created by tall Terai savanna grasslands, semi-evergreen moist tropical broadleaved forests. This ecosystem supports amazing species of flora and fauna. The apex predator is of course the tiger but the rhino is an equally proud resident along with the wild water buffalo and the Indian elephant.
The eastern swamp deer full of grace and beauty survives in the swampy grasslands along with the hog deer, sambar, barking deer and gaur. A huge list of exotic mammals can be check listed here. Rarely seen animals are the Chinese and Indian pangolin, hispid hare, hog and Chinese ferret badger and parti-colored flying squirrel. Wildlife watching at this tiger reserve is a delightful experience.
Among the attractive felids are the jungle cat, leopard cat and the fishing cat. Other enchanting species found here is the golden langur, Assamese macaque, hoolock gibbon the only ape found in India. Kaziranga is home many exotic and endemic species of avian. It has been identified as an importing birding area by Birdlife International.
It is home to some of the spectacular avian found in India. On tour one can see white fronted goose, greater adjutant stork, black necked stork, Pallas eagle. Greater spotted eagle, Dalmatian and spot billed pelicans, swamp francolin, Bengal florican, great Indian and wreathed hornbill and pale capped pigeon to name a few.
Among the venomous reptiles King Cobra, Indian and monocle cobra, krait and Russels’ viper are found here. Both the reticulated and rock python are found to inhabit this park.
Area: 430 sq km
Winter: Low: 5 deg C
Summer: High 37 deg C
Essentials: Carry cash and all essentials, Nearest Town Bokakhat at 23 km.
How to Reach?
Guwahati the capital of Assam is at a distance of 191 km from Kaziranga. It has an airport connected with New Delhi and a rail head providing reach to many destinations. Guhawati is well connect by road to Kaziranga and other nearby destinations.